Biodiversity refers to the full range of species and genes occurring in an area. This includes all forms of life, for example fish, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds, plants, fungi and even bacteria. Species that are at risk of extinction in Canada are federally listed for additional protection under the Species At Risk Act – a piece of legislation that Canada uses to protect biodiversity. Common human activities that threaten biodiversity are over-exploitation of species, habitat loss, and the spread of invasive species.
Key factors contributing to pressure on biodiversity include:
- growing populations
- increasing urbanization
- increased consumption
- climate change
- natural resource extraction
- natural processes such as wildfires, extreme weather events and pest outbreaks
Effects on biodiversity do not exist or act in isolation. The combined effects of multiple factors can intensify the overall impact on biodiversity in a region.
Access Biodiversity Content
The map below illustrates a few examples of biodiversity related data available through the Open Science and Data Platform.
Click on the button below to access these datasets and other biodiversity related content.
Find out more:
- Species at Risk Act
- Species at Risk Public Registry
- Woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou) COSEWIC assessment and status report
- Migratory Birds Convention Act (MBCA) and Regulations
- Birds protected under the Migratory Birds Convention Act
- A modernized Fisheries Act for Canada
- 2020 - Biodiversity Goals and Targets for Canada