Biodiversity refers to the full range of species and genes occurring in an area. This includes all forms of life, for example fish, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, birds, plants, fungi and even bacteria. Species that are at risk of extinction in Canada are federally listed for additional protection under the Species At Risk Act – a piece of legislation that Canada uses to protect biodiversity. Common human activities that threaten biodiversity are over-exploitation of species, habitat loss, and the spread of invasive species.

Key factors contributing to pressure on biodiversity include:

  • growing populations
  • increasing urbanization
  • increased consumption
  • climate change
  • natural resource extraction
  • natural processes such as wildfires, extreme weather events and pest outbreaks

Effects on biodiversity do not exist or act in isolation. The combined effects of multiple factors can intensify the overall impact on biodiversity in a region.

Access Biodiversity Content

The map below illustrates a few examples of biodiversity related data available through the Open Science and Data Platform.

Click on the button below to access these datasets and other biodiversity related content.

Search for biodiversity content


Boreal Caribou Ranges and Conserved Areas in Canada

This map is for illustrative purposes. The markers represent the approximate locations based on available data. The Government of Canada shall not be held liable for any third party’s interpretation of the Information. The Government of Canada reserves the right to change or revise the Information at any time.

These data were produced by Environment and Climate Change Canada. For boreal caribou, critical habitat describes the habitat that is necessary to maintain or recover self-sustaining local populations throughout their distribution. This map shows how critical habitat may be lacking in parts of the range of the boreal caribou, because that habitat has not been protected and may be lost or degraded by development or other human activities. The boreal caribou range dataset is based on the best available data provided by provincial and territorial jurisdictions, and also contains information related to boreal caribou population and habitat condition.

Find out more: